Nevertheless, ethnic cleansing is on a continuum of genocidal acts and the definition may not be stable.In December 1992, the UN General Assembly referred to “the abhorrent policy of ‘ethnic cleansing,’” which is a form of genocide.”49 Therefore, it is appropriate to ask: has the leadership of the government of Ethiopia latched onto land grabbing to achieve systematic ethnic cleansing that continues to destroy the lives and livelihoods of the peoples of the South in order to realize an internationally invisible genocide that would ensure minority elites’ absolute and untested ownership of the land?In some countries the rising cost of food coupled with water scarcity provided the motivation to lower their vulnerability to future food price hikes by investing in agricultural land in foreign nations with the expectation of producing agricultural goods (IFPRI, 2009).However, various civil societies, researchers, 1 Malkamuu Jaatee, Habtamu Dugo and Joanne Eisen A paper presented at the 27th OSA annual conference, Howard University, Washington DC, August 3-4, 2013 academics, and environmental and human rights activists have expressed their concerns regarding the adverse impact upon indigenous peoples of large-scale farmland acquisitions by foreign investors whose primary goal is the security of food and energy for their domestic markets.
This should strengthen the position of those who have only informal title to their land and who do not have the ability to prevent land grabbing.
Increasing demand for land that supplies minerals, oil, natural gas, water, and agricultural assets is mainly driven by global economic development, population growth and climate change.
The annual supply of water and land for agricultural production over the next 20 years would have to increase by 140% and 250%, respectively in order to keep pace with the expected global needs1.
Land is not only a fixed asset essential to produce sufficient amounts of crops and livestock to secure the supply of food, but land is the foundation of the identity (culture, language, history) of a nation.
Changes to land use without the consultation with traditional owners of the land, which is accomplished mainly by forceful displacement of indigenous peoples will, in the long term, result in the disappearance of the culture, the language, and the history of the peoples traditionally dependent on ancestral lands.We expect that short term benefits will include the promotion of Oromummaa, the development of Oromo leadership, the continuing education of the people about their rights and the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent [FPIC] and the intimidation of prospective land grabbers by alerting them to brewing resistance.