contains more than half of the country's population.
Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected parliament and president.
It is also a founding member of Non-Aligned Movement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, East Asia Summit, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.
However, Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia; they preferred Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel); the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië), popularly Indië; the East (de Oost); and Insulinde.
A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a Muslim-majority population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it.
In Bali, the Warmadewas established their rule on the Kingdom of Bali in the 10th century.
Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity.